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How to Prove a Premises Liability Claim in Long Island

You don’t expect to be injured when you go to the grocery store, a friend’s house, the movies, or even your child’s sports game. Unfortunately, slip-and-fall incidents don’t discriminate and can happen anywhere at any time.

If you are injured on someone else’s property, you may be entitled to compensation through a premises liability claim. However, there are stipulations to filing a claim, and understanding them is essential.

At The Law Offices of Joseph J. Perrini, III, our experienced premises liability lawyers in Long Island can help you navigate the legal process. We will advocate and help you seek justice and compensation from the at-fault party.

Understanding Premises Liability in New York

Premises liability is a legal concept that arises when an individual suffers an injury on someone else’s property due to unsafe conditions. In Long Island, understanding the premises liability law is crucial for property owners and injury victims.

Here, you can learn more about premises liability and your rights if injured on someone else’s property.

The Foundation of Premises Liability in New York

The foundation of a premises liability claim rests on the property owner’s duty to maintain a safe environment for all visitors. This duty varies depending on the visitor’s status:


Invitees are individuals who enter a property with the owner’s express or implied invitation for a mutual benefit, usually related to business or commercial purposes. Examples include customers in a store, clients in an office, or attendees at a public amusement park.

Property owners owe invitees the highest duty of care, which includes regular inspections of the premises for hazards, making necessary repairs, and providing adequate warnings of any dangers.


Licensees are persons who enter a property for their purpose or as social guests, with the property owner’s consent. This category includes friends visiting a home, salespeople, or someone attending a house party.

While property owners are not required to inspect the property for the safety of licensees, they must warn them of any known dangers that the licensee is unlikely to discover on their own. The duty of care towards licensees is less than that owed to invitees and more to trespassers.


Trespassers enter a property without any right, invitation, or lawful reason. They have no permission from the property owner to be on the premises. Generally, property owners owe the lowest duty of care to trespassers, which is to refrain from willful or wanton injury.

However, in New York, if the property owner knows (or should have known) about frequent trespassing, they may have a duty to warn of known, hidden dangers likely to cause serious injury or death, especially if children are involved, under the doctrine known as “attractive nuisance.”

New York’s Approach to Comparative Negligence

A unique aspect of New York’s approach to premises liability is its comparative negligence rule. This means that if an injury victim is found partially responsible for their accident, their compensation may be reduced by their percentage of fault.

A skilled personal injury attorney in Long Island can provide invaluable guidance in navigating these laws, ensuring that victims understand their rights and the implications of their actions on the outcome of their claims.

Key Considerations for Filing a Claim

In New York, premises liability claims must be filed within a specific timeframe, known as the statute of limitations. For personal injury claims, this period is generally three years from the date of the incident. If you miss this deadline, you may be unable to file a claim or seek compensation for your injuries and losses.

The Role of a Long Island Premises Liability Lawyer

A proficient Long Island premises liability lawyer plays a crucial role in the success of your claim. They possess the legal expertise and local knowledge to navigate the New York legal system, helping you understand your rights and the best course of action.

Their main role includes gathering evidence, interviewing witnesses, and building a strong case to prove the property owner’s negligence.

Elements of a Premises Liability Claim

Certain elements must be proven beyond a reasonable doubt to succeed in a premises liability claim. These include:

  • The Existence of a Dangerous Condition: The first step is to prove that a dangerous condition existed on the property. This could be anything from a wet floor without a warning sign to a broken staircase railing.
  • The Property Owner’s Knowledge: It must be shown that the property owner knew or should have known about the dangerous condition but failed to take appropriate actions to rectify it.
  • Causation: There must be a direct link between the dangerous condition and the injury sustained. This means proving that the injury would not have occurred if it weren’t for the property owner’s negligence.
  • Damages: Lastly, the injury must have resulted in actual damages. This includes medical expenses, lost wages, and pain and suffering.

Collecting Evidence

Gathering evidence is a fundamental step in proving a premises liability claim. This may include:

  • Photographic or Video Evidence: Pictures or videos of the hazardous condition that caused the injury can be compelling evidence.
  • Witness Statements: Eyewitness accounts of the incident can provide valuable insights into what happened and help corroborate your claim.
  • Accident Reports: Obtaining a copy of the report can be beneficial if the accident is reported to the property owner or a governing body.
  • Medical Records: Documentation of your injuries and treatment is crucial in proving the extent and cause of your injuries.

How a Personal Injury Attorney in Long Island Can Help

A personal injury attorney in Long Island can provide invaluable assistance throughout the claims process. They can help by:

  • Offering Legal Advice: Based on the specifics of your case, they can advise on the best legal strategies to pursue.
  • Handling Negotiations: An experienced attorney can negotiate with insurance companies on your behalf to ensure you receive fair compensation.
  • Filing Legal Documents: They can manage the complexities of filing claims and court documents within the required timelines.
  • Representing You in Court: If your case goes to trial, having a skilled attorney to represent you can significantly increase your chances of a favorable outcome.

Steps to Take After an Injury

If you’ve been injured on someone else’s property in Long Island, taking the following steps can strengthen your premises liability claim:

  • Medical Attention: Your health is the top priority. Additionally, medical records serve as evidence of your injuries.
  • Report the Incident: Inform the property owner or manager about the incident immediately.
  • Document Everything: Take photos of the hazardous condition, your injuries, and other relevant information.
  • Gather Contact Information: Collect the names and contact details of any witnesses.
  • Consult a Long Island Premises Liability Lawyer: Before making any statements or accepting settlements, it’s crucial to consult with a lawyer who specializes in premises liability claims.

Protect Your Right to Compensation When Filing a Premises Liability Claim

Proving a premises liability claim in Long Island requires a detailed understanding of New York’s legal system, thorough evidence collection, and a strategic approach to litigation.

At The Law Offices of Joseph J. Perrini, III, our commitment is to provide our clients with the highest level of representation, leveraging our extensive experience as personal injury attorneys in Long Island. If you’ve been injured due to a property owner’s negligence, contact us to protect your rights and pursue the compensation you deserve.

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